If a car from 30 years ago is subjected to a crash test according to today's standards, can it withstand it? Australia ANCAP tells you the answer.
ANCAP recently inspected a 1993 Mitsubishi Magna and performed a 50% offset collision. Although the Magna was considered one of the safest sedans in its class in the 1990s, because it had no airbags and its passive safety features were primitive, its actual performance…
It can be said that it is unsightly.
ANCAP stated in the test report that Magna drivers may be at risk of serious, even fatal, skull fractures and brain injuries due to head collisions with the steering wheel. The force reached 107 times the driver's own weight.
At the same time, the front-row Hybrid III male dummy also suffered serious damage to its legs and pelvis. In addition, under the effect of the seat belt, the injury to the driver's chest is minimal. In addition, in the back row, the tight seat belts put huge pressure on the Hybrid III female dummy's chest, which means that the passengers in the car will be at risk of serious chest and abdominal injuries. ,
The ANCAP report concluded:
The results indicate that the risk of serious or fatal injury to drivers and passengers is very high.
Mitsubishi Motors Australia President and CEO Shaun Westcott was also watching during the crash test. For his part, he was confused that Magna had become a "victim", but he We also understand that only in this way can we reflect the progress of the automotive industry in the past 30 years.
"I have to admit, they had to crash some vehicle," Westcott said.
ANCAP also made it clear that this test is not an indictment of Mitsubishi Magna. The test results reflect the progress of the times.
Carla Hoorweg, CEO of ANCAP, said, “In the past 30 years, we have seen rapid progress in the safety dimension of automobiles.”
"When we founded ANCAP, our founders encountered strong resistance from car companies. At that time, we drove just one car without carefully considering their safety."
From follower to industry leader
The reason why ANCAP is doing this test is actually to celebrate their "30th birthday".
ANCAP was founded in 1992. It is the second NCAP new car safety performance evaluation system in the world. It was originally based on the evaluation system of the US NHTSA (Highway Safety Administration) as a reference and was improved based on the actual local vehicle environment in Australia. The test items include normal Physical collisions such as collision, test collision, and frontal offset collision.
In 1993, ANCAP ushered in their first crash test, which included nine cars: Ford Falcon, Holden Commodore, Honda Accord, Mazda 626, Nissan Pintara, Subaru Liberty, Toyota Camry, Volvo 940, and Our protagonist today – Mitsubishi Magna.
That’s right, ANCAP naturally has a deep meaning in choosing this car.
In this round of crash tests 30 years ago, the one with the best results was naturally Volvo – the Volvo 940 was the only car equipped with airbags.
At that time, ANCAP conducted frontal offset crash tests at a speed of 45km/h. Mitsubishi Magna's current test is conducted in accordance with modern standards, which is 50km/h. The relative speed of the vehicle and moving obstacles reaches 100km/h.
Improved modern testing standards also contributed to Magna's poor performance. Kara Howeg believes that ANCAP’s continuously improving high safety standards not only restrict car companies, but also increase consumers’ safety awareness.
However, ANCAP has not always been so prosperous. They were once a "five-star wholesale department."
In 1997, Europe's Euro-NCAP was established. With its independence and professionalism, it quickly grew into the world's most influential new car safety testing system. With new learning objects in mind, ANCAP gradually moved closer to European testing standards and formally signed a memorandum of cooperation with ENCAP in 1999.
The star rating standards we know today were implemented at that time.
After reaching cooperation with ENCAP, ANCAP's test difficulty continues to move closer to European standards, adding many items such as side pole test, pedestrian protection test, whiplash test, etc., and is upgrading and optimizing the test standards year by year, and has also established standards for many test items. The minimum score limit has made ANCAP's popularity continue to rise, and it has even become an important reference for the Australian government to establish policies and regulations.
But as of 2017, ANCAP has always been dependent on the ENCAP standard and is at best a follower of the European test system. At that time, ANCAP's test coverage, overall experimental requirements, and upgrade development progress had not yet reached the world's leading level.
It wasn't until ANCAP ushered in two reforms in 2018 and 2020, which expanded the safety rating projects and increased the overall difficulty of the experiments, that it truly became one of the most forward-looking and comprehensive new car safety verification systems and entered the "most stringent in history." stringent testing standards".
30 years from now, there will be a new Magna
The speed of the Mongolian cavalry was comparable to that of 20th century armored forces; the Northern Song Dynasty crossbows had a range of 1,500 meters, about the same as a sniper rifle; but these could not compete with modern forces.
Liu Cixin wrote this in "The Three-Body Problem".
In the century-long history of the automobile industry, safety has always been a core issue that has been continuously iterated and optimized with the changes of the times and technological progress. As Liu Cixin said, the advancement of technology and ideas has always driven industry standards upward. Only when industry standards are improved can the safety level of cars be improved.
Six years ago, ANCAP conducted an "unusual" crash test, a collision between the old and the new.
In order to visually show the gap in safety performance between new cars and old cars, ANCAP asked two Corollas to collide, one was a 1998 model and the other was a 2015 model.
The result is not surprising. Under the protection of the airbag, the 2015 Corolla dummy suffered almost no damage. The energy-absorbing area at the front of the vehicle effectively absorbed the impact force and minimized the impact on the cabin.
In contrast, the front end of the 1998 Corolla was completely destroyed due to the huge impact during the collision. The A-pillar was twisted, the roof was bent, and the passenger space was severely squeezed. All I can say is, luckily there is a dummy inside.
Of course, the ratings of two cars with a 17-year age difference can be said to be very different – the 2015 Corolla received a 5-star rating of 12.93 points (out of 16 points), while the 1998 Corolla only received a 5-star rating of 12.93 points (out of 16 points). 0.4 points, rated 0 stars.
With the development of technology, cars are becoming safer and more reliable than ever before.
Over the past 30 years, automobiles have made major breakthroughs in many aspects such as active protection and passive protection. In particular, the widespread application of some key technologies has successfully reduced the casualty rate in traffic accidents significantly.
The most critical of these is the airbag. According to IIHS data, in the United States, the share of new cars equipped with driver-side airbags increased from 8% in 1990 to 94% in 2015; the share of new cars equipped with passenger airbags also increased significantly from 14% in 1990. increased to 89% in 2015.
Second is the promotion of anti-lock braking systems (ABS). In the EU, the share of new cars equipped with ABS has also increased from 14% in 1992 to nearly 96% in 2017. Data from the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association also shows that this figure in Japan has increased from less than 10% in 1990 to more than 96% in 2017. Don’t underestimate this humble ABS. Data from the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) also shows that ABS can reduce car collisions on the highway by 20%.
Of course, the active safety configurations that take advantage of the vehicle's high perception capabilities are now the most powerful and the most obvious. But on the other hand, the general trend of intelligence and networking not only deeply empowers cars, but also brings data security risks. Yes, privacy and security should also be part of security.
At present, our definition and scope of automobile safety should also be continuously expanded and enriched, and the standards of crash testing should also be continuously improved with the development of technology.
In another 30 years, maybe there will be a new "Mitsubishi Magna".
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