The first year of pure-blood Hongmeng: Beyond the mountain, there are bright stars

Anyone who has worn a smart watch may be familiar with the "astronaut" theme dial above. It and its counterfeit products are everywhere.

This is actually a "wealth creation case" in the Hongmeng ecosystem. A year and a half ago, the developer of this dial received more than 13 million yuan in revenue sharing.

The end of Qingping and the mighty strong wind complement each other here.

By 2024, we can find more data to confirm what Yu Chengdong, Huawei’s Managing Director, Chairman of Terminal BG, and Chairman of Smart Car Solutions BU, said in 2021, “Hongmeng is a success”:

▲ Picture from Counterpoint Research official website

According to the latest data from Counterpoint Research, HarmonyOS's market share in China has increased from 8% in the first quarter of 2023 to 17% in the first quarter of 2024, officially surpassing Apple iOS and becoming the second largest operating system in China.

More than 900 million devices are powered by HarmonyOS.

The number of HarmonyOS developers has reached 2.54 million, Harmony Campus open courses have been introduced to 175+ universities, more than 200 industry-university cooperation projects have been launched, and the number of participants in Harmony Academy exceeds 4.35 million.

Where will the strong winds that started in 2019 blow? A huge number of developers are already at a crossroads. Where is the smooth road? "The boat has crossed the Ten Thousand Mountains" was the most frequently mentioned poem when mentioning Huawei last year, but what is the scenery after crossing the "mountain"?

Huawei HDC 2024 uses Hongmeng NEXT to give us the answer – on the other side of the "mountain" is the "bright galaxy" .

Breaking the European and American monopoly, pure-blood Hongmeng can be independently controlled

At the HDC 2024 conference, Yu Chengdong officially announced that Harmony NEXT will start Beta version testing for developers and pioneer users from now on. This means that 1,778 days after the release of HarmonyOS, an autonomous and controllable "pure-blooded Harmony" originated from China. Finally took to the stage.

Unlike most current systems that rely on the traditional Unix kernel and Linux kernel, Hongmeng is based on the independently developed Hongmeng kernel. In other words, Hongmeng NEXT will eventually remove the Linux kernel and Android AOSP code, making it incompatible with Android, allowing China's information technology industry to have its own roots. This is why it is called "pure-blooded" Hongmeng.

To some extent, operating systems are quite similar to the automotive industry.

In 1886, German Karl Benz invented a three-wheeled vehicle powered by a single-cylinder internal combustion engine, ushering in the automobile age. For more than a hundred years, the core internal combustion engine technology of automobiles, the "crown jewel of the industry," has been dominated by Europe and the United States. With the rise of new energy vehicles, electric motors have replaced internal combustion engines. New energy vehicle companies from China have seized the opportunity and are now reshaping the global automotive industry landscape.

The same is true for operating systems. Whether in the PC era or the mobile Internet era, core technologies such as operating systems and kernels are dominated by Europe and the United States. Today, we have entered an era where everything is interconnected and everything is intelligent, giving Chinese companies the opportunity to change lanes and overtake.

Huawei insists on long-term investment in software root technology. From the operating system kernel, file system, and database to programming languages, compilers, and programming frameworks to AI frameworks and large models, Hongmeng has achieved comprehensive breakthroughs in operating system technology.

As Yu Chengdong said——

It took ten years to do what our European and American counterparts have done for more than 30 years, and achieved independent control of the core technology of the operating system. This is "Hongmeng Speed".

It is precisely the comprehensive breakthrough in underlying technology that allows Hongmeng NEXT to boldly innovate in system structure. With 900 million devices and a huge domestic market, Hongmeng NEXT, as a domestic system, is able to get rid of the shackles of European and American technology.

"Full-scenario intelligent operating system, facing the next decade"

This is the biggest upgrade of Hongmeng since its birth. Pure-blood Hongmeng has significantly improved its technical base and ecological construction. He Gang, CEO of Huawei Terminal BG, even said bluntly that Hongmeng NEXT is a full-scenario intelligent operating system for the next decade. In addition to the Hongmeng kernel of the operating system, Huawei mainly introduced its three core features: full scene, native intelligence, and native security.

As early as 2019, when the Hongmeng system made its first public appearance, Huawei first proposed the "full-scenario intelligent Internet of Things with mobile phones as the core" strategy, that is, the "1+8+N" strategy. From the beginning, Hongmeng has been positioned as a distributed operating system, adhering to the "One as All, All as One" concept to achieve seamless collaboration between different devices.

As the first operating system in human history that connects multiple devices and multiple scenarios, Hongmeng shows us a way of interacting with smart terminals and a change in thinking.

Based on distributed technology and once-developed multi-device deployment, Hongmeng NEXT truly realizes a full-scenario experience that unifies the ecology of all devices, and Hongmeng native applications can be efficiently called across devices.

▲ Performance of Hongmeng NEXT on devices of different sizes

Hongmeng NEXT, developed for all scenarios, has a unified ecological experience that connects multiple devices. It not only brings consistency in appearance and ease of use, but more importantly, supports seamless connection and collaborative operation across devices.

Whether at home, in the car or at the workplace, data and functions between different smart terminals can be exchanged.

When we edit a long document on the mobile phone, we only need to bring the mobile phone close to the tablet, and the tablet will automatically display the editing content, making it easier to continue editing. If you need to add photos, you can directly select pictures on your phone on your tablet through cross-device gallery sharing.

The whole process is smooth and intuitive. Although it involves multiple devices, it is just like operating one device. Hongmeng NEXT can be "naturally insensitive".

Hongmeng native intelligence allows AI phones to drive autonomously

If breaking through the blockade of core technologies is the foundation of Hongmeng NEXT, then the native intelligence features for the AI ​​era make it possible for Hongmeng NEXT to become a towering tree.

In the Hongmeng NEXT system, the barriers between applications are broken down, and data and services become the new basic units. Multiple services can be completed in one go without having to click on each application. Based on this, Huawei has embedded the system-level Hongmeng intelligent architecture, using AI agents to bring a new interaction paradigm.

At the HDC site, Huawei showed us a case in which a daily, complex task involving multiple scenarios was executed through voice commands:

Send a text message to Wu Shuang and tell him the location of the football match the day after tomorrow.

This task may seem simple, but behind the scenes it involves performing tasks across multiple applications:

First of all, the mobile phone must understand who "Wu Shuang" is?
If there are duplicate names or homonyms, analyze which "Wu Shuang" is the correct one through custom;
It is also necessary to find the specific time and location of the football match from the vast amount of application data;
Finally, generate text and edit the text message.

All the user has to do is to confirm and send after checking that it is correct.

In the new system, Huawei Xiaoyi has been upgraded to Xiaoyi Intelligent Agent, which supports up to 23 common memory types, more than 300 services, and has stronger reasoning capabilities, becoming an agent that can understand and solve various problems in work and life. An all-around player.

▲ Huawei Xiaoyi intelligent body can directly extract images to generate tables

He Gang likens this new interaction method to "smart driving" on mobile phones:

It's like turning on automatic driving on your mobile phone. You just need to tell it your destination, and Xiaoyi can help you go to your destination. In the future, it will completely change the way we use smart terminals.

Hongmeng is inherently safe, keep the “key” in your own hands

As a full-scenario intelligent operating system, Hongmeng NEXT can connect to various software and hardware, call a variety of modalities and data, and perform various tasks – this also means that the security of personal data will be raised to a higher position. .

To this end, Huawei has launched a new "Star Shield" security architecture.

"Star Shield" relies on software and hardware synergy capabilities and Hongmeng core to build a new security system and order. It establishes orderly rules and management mechanisms from the source. It has the characteristics of ecological purity, privacy controllable, and high data security, and redefines application acquisition. Rules for Privacy Data.

Specifically, it is to supervise applications from the three links of development, release, and operation, so that codes and applications that do not meet security requirements cannot be put on the shelves and installed, ensuring that every application meets high standards, and eliminating malicious applications from the source. threats.

Based on this, Huawei has also established a new secure access mechanism.

You can compare the relationship between users and applications to that of a sender and a courier. When a user plans to change their WeChat avatar, it is equivalent to entrusting a picture file to the "courier" for delivery.

The problem is that the previous permission management mechanism was quite extensive. On every occasion like this, the "courier" will ask the user for the keys to the entire house (access rights to the camera, gallery, location, etc.), and the user can only choose to agree or refuse. Once the key is given to the person, there is nothing to stop the courier from entering the house and rummaging around for irrelevant data.

Pure-blood Hongmeng refines privacy management from the bottom of the system to every file, which is equivalent to setting up a "express locker" at the door of the home. Users put the pictures they want to use as avatars in it, and the couriers come to pick them up. During the entire process, the other party will not be able to access files outside the allowed range, thus better protecting personal privacy and security.

From "managing permissions" to "managing data", the essence is to return the power of managing data to users – facing the AI ​​era, this will be the basic capability that all operating systems need to have, and pure-blood Hongmeng has already taken the lead.

Pure-blood Hongmeng, developers’ ticket to enter the AI ​​era

Academician Ni Guangnan, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and a famous computer expert, once pointed out:

The key to the success of an operating system lies in the ecosystem.

It took Hongmeng ten years to complete the thirty-year journey of the European and American operating system industry. The huge potential brought by the Chinese developer ecosystem cannot be ignored.

The spark of "Hongmeng Speed" has the potential to start a prairie fire——

OpenHarmony is the fastest growing open source operating system, with a Gitee index of NO.1, community contributors reaching 7800+, and more than 110 million lines of code.

Huawei has made applications quickly "Hongmeng-ified" by making controls AI-based, building industry baseline versions, and code samples. Meituan completed the development of the first version in just six weeks at the fastest, and Weibo's core functions Development took only two months.

At present, Hongmeng native applications have entered a comprehensive sprint phase. More than 5,000 commonly used applications have all started development, of which more than 1,500 have been put on the shelves. Commonly used Meituan, Weibo, Douyin, Xiaohongshu, Alipay, etc. have all been connected. .

As Yu Chengdong said:

Walking alone is fast, walking together is far. We call on partners from thousands of industries to build a Hongmeng world together.

For developers, "Pure Blood Hongmeng" is not only a technological change, but also means the activation of a brand new market, which contains huge opportunities.

All technology practitioners around the world have an ardent expectation: Generative AI will set off a wave of AI era that is no less than the personal computer era or the mobile Internet era – and Hongmeng NEXT is developed for all scenarios, covering 900 million devices and autonomous The value of a controllable domestic operating system to Chinese developers is self-evident.

Through the "three-layer reconstruction" of base, experience and ecology, Hongmeng brings developers into a new track with real innovation dividends, so that driven by positive output, it can form a positive cycle in business and transform different industries. Mobilizing all participants in the process is the key to the long-term and sustainable development of Hongmeng Ecosystem.

Today, the spark of Hongmeng Ecology has the potential to start a prairie fire, as He Gang said:

The galaxy is bright and it’s the right time to join Hongmeng.

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