Silver mine, a symbol of wealth.
Kashen Silver Mine, a symbol of lies.
In the Wikipedia Chinese encyclopedia four days ago, the Kashen silver mine was a ore vein discovered by a civilian in the ancient Rus country in 1344, and the mine was closed in the 18th century due to the exhaustion of the mine. In the current Wikipedia, the entry for Kashen Silver Mine is included in the "Wikipedia Prank List", which has become synonymous with lies.
▲ Picture from: The Swaddle
If you are a history major and your graduation thesis is related to ancient Russian history, you can also check your citations a little bit now, because this lie is likely to make you unfortunate as well. This means that you will most likely need to revise your thesis.
High school graduates rewrite the ancient Russian history of Wikipedia, professional professors are also recruited
A high school graduate basically reinterpreted the ancient Russian history in 3 years, and put his own ideas in the Wikipedia information that many people will refer to. What kind of spirit is this?
The other party is doing this with a very religious heart.
In order to make the content he wrote more credible and have more "data" to rely on, Zhe Mao, who recompiled the history of ancient Russia, drew maps, topographic maps, and population changes by himself. characters and documentaries to make the content look more real.
▲ The rewritten Guru history entry
In order to make each entry more credible, she will continue to check and fill in the gaps. In order to cover up one mistake and enrich it with multiple mistakes, the history of pretending to be wrong has become a reality.
Even many of the papers she cites are real, but there is no part of what she said. For example, citing 313 pages of a book that is likely to be less than 200 pages long. Not everyone has read the book and can clearly remember the page number of the book, and few people will check it. Even if many of the citation links in the history of ancient Russia are papers from European countries such as Sweden, no one has noticed that there is anything wrong with this.
In this way, the donkey's lips were not the horse's mouth for 3 years. There is a lot of imaginary content in the ancient Russian history created out of nothing. It has been fictionalized and rewritten, and it has become an existence like a castle in the air.
▲ The referenced book is real, but doesn't have the content that Wikipedia has
But the castle in the sky will disappear.
Zhihu user @Ivan saw the Chinese Wiki information of Kashen Silver Mine when looking for material for his novel, and shared it in a group with many history lovers, but no one has heard of this silver mine , After some searching, it was found that the Kashen Silver Mine turned out to be a special version for China, and even Russian students did not know its existence.
Immediately after, history enthusiasts discovered more mistakes and omissions, and more and more Chinese-specific versions appeared in the Chinese version of Wikipedia. Many characters they have never heard of have crossed with real historical figures, the real and the fake, the fake and the real, and everything is unclear.
▲ This is
Ultimately, it turned out to be a single-handedly rewriting history . A "history buff" who graduated from high school compiled these mixed content, and put it on a platform where more people can see it, and even made many students and professors believe it.
It may be a bit too much to say that this incident is a fraud, after all, the other party did not make any profit from it. But the whole thing is full of absurdity, and it is a kind of information pollution and spiritual shock to those who seriously study ancient Russian history and perfect Chinese Wiki entries.
▲ User Folding Hair has been banned
She has done such a thing for 3 years, what does she want?
The wiki user, called Furry, finally admitted to writing the entry. She said that she really wanted to study history seriously at the beginning, but after the first fraud, in order to make up the first lie, she could only tell more lies. Fake wiki content also stretches from tens of thousands to millions of words, and the more you pay, the harder it is to discard it.
▲ Folding apology letter
The university teaches you to "create" information pollution, and the Wiki prank list wants to cry without tears
Zhe Mao herself has been permanently banned by the Chinese Wikipedia, and the wiki content she writes will undergo a professional review, which will bring the entire Wiki Chinese ecological content of ancient Russian history into order.
But some of them can stay forever – they'll be put on the Wikipedia hoax list to remind more people not to make new hoaxes.
▲ The Kashen Silver Mine mentioned at the beginning
The Wiki Hoax List reads:
This is a known historical hoax on Wikipedia. It exists to document scams on Wikipedia in order to improve our ability to detect scams. If a scam goes more than a month without being found factually wrong, or has been reported in authoritative media, we'll consider it noteworthy enough to be included on this list.
The ancient Russian history compiled by Zhe Mao is the first for Chinese Wikipedia. This is the pollution of a large amount of authentic and credible information, and it is also a blow to the credibility of the platform. Just looking at the world, there are quite a few similar things. As far as the information on the Wikipedia hoax list goes, there are countless fictional characters, places, tools, TV shows, and academic concepts.
There is also a far-reaching story about the massacre of a fictional Nazi concentration camp. Wikipedia shows that this fake Nazi concentration camp murdered more than 200,000 Poles. People even erected a memorial in Poland for the victims of the story.
The only problem is that the camp doesn't even exist, and it's the longest-running fake content on Wikipedia.
▲ Church memorial plaque commemorates 200,000 victims
Nazis, massacres, concentration camps, these are the keywords that can arouse people's anger the most, so no one found it for 15 years. This is like a "title party", emotional, who cares about the truth? What's more, the Nazis did commit massacres.
You open an old suitcase left behind by a family, and the clues inside tell you that a long-dead relative in your family may be a serial killer.
Does this story also look like a "title party"? Like ancient Russian history, it is also compiled, the difference is that this is an academic experiment.
T. Mills Kelly, a teacher at George Mason University, has been teaching students how to "lie to the past" since 2008 as a way to make them aware of how historical deceptions arose. Originally they wrote the character as an ordinary American who eventually became a pirate, and publications such as USA Today cite the entry until Kelly admitted it was a hoax.
▲ T. Mills Kelly
Some applaud Kelly for his academic innovation, while others anger him for his destruction of information. But in any case, Kelly did not stop the experiment, and the story of the serial killer found above is the latest masterpiece of his students.
The difference is that this time it was discovered.
Kelly's students created a Wikipedia for the victim, made up an exhaustive story, they even fabricated an image of a suitcase, and ended up asking netizens on Reddit – Excuse me, do you think my uncle is just a little weird, or is he really Is it a serial killer?
▲ Disguised old newspaper
The explosive headline quickly gained attention, and Reddit users searched for relevant Wikipedia content, and finally followed the clues left by the students and came to the conclusion of the murderer: "We caught Jack the Ripper on Reddit. "
Fortunately, this conclusion was found to be a lie after 26 minutes. Someone saw the year Wikipedia was edited and questioned, and then more and more people participated in deconstructing the whole story: the newspaper seemed to have some artificial aging, the content of the image in the suitcase was too clear, and of course the most exposed It's still Wikipedia edit time.
Kelly believes that this is not a failure, because the students, as consumers and producers of historical information, must have learned something from it.
▲ Pictures of historical scams
"True information" is in crisis, everyone can rewrite history in the 21st century
Wikipedia is a good direction, and the platform wants to create a free encyclopedia with the greatest depth and breadth.
But at the same time, there has been controversy over the accuracy of Wikipedia content. Such an open platform can allow the collaborators' conspiracy to spread farther, and may suffer from the destruction of the content by those with ulterior motives. At the same time, this unorganized, open, and rabble way of writing cannot guarantee the rigor and professionalism of the content.
Wikipedia has been questioned like this ten years ago. Now the voices of doubt are lessened, not because Wikipedia is doing a better job, but because there are more sources that can contaminate your information.
Norwegian photographer Jonas Bendiksen's "Book of Veles" used fake pictures + fake news to deceive the world's top photojournalists and took home the grand prize of the World Press Photo Competition. Even if he bought the navy and said that the pictures in it were wrong, fellow photographers and celebrities came forward to refute him.
The rumor mill in your WeChat works non-stop every day and can't correct those outdated, exaggerated, and outrageous information. Even one or two screenshots of people's avatars and IDs can be obtained by commenting/disclosing some popular content to gain terrifying exposure. In videos, music, books, misinformation can exist. They can also become a source of citations for misinformation spread by other channels.
In 2012, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office published a new patent from Apple called "Electronic Analysis Contamination Technology." The emergence of this technology is mainly for the protection of user information. Brands can obfuscate and protect real information by continuously providing false information to data collectors.
The truth is true, false and false, there are true and false, and this method may be very effective in protecting personal privacy information, but it is only a kind of pollution to the real dissemination of information.
No matter what the mood of the producers of information pollution started, all they did was to discharge sewage into the sea. For all who need to live in the sea, the impact is minimal, but it persists. You can be deceived by made-up stories at any time, blinded by the knowledge of the Void.
This kind of information pollution is like burying landmines on inaccessible streets. Although it cannot hurt people in a short time, it will explode one day. It's just that there may be more and more bombs like this. Deepfakes, the Internet, and the existence of various image editing software tools can create more real and convincing content and pollute real information.
When someone hears this outrageous story of the ancient Russian history Wikipedia, they feel: "Although it is a serious matter, why do you want to laugh when you hear it!" After all, weird and absurd stories are naturally better than yours. TV shows that can guess the routine are more attractive. The impact of a person spending three years building a fictional historical story will also be more eye-catching than the war stories and geographical changes of historical countries.
In the 21st century, anyone can rewrite history.
It's just that history always happens in the past.
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