"In the 21st century, the greatest companies are ecological companies."
This is the view raised by Yu Chengdong in his speech at the Huawei Developer Conference (HDC) 2021.
Later, he wrote on his personal Weibo, "Today, what we have harvested is not only 150 million terminal devices equipped with HarmonyOS, but also a vigorous and progressive Hongmeng ecology. Hongmeng, it's done!"
In three years, in the face of difficulties, the launch of HarmonyOS, the concept of HyperTerminal, and the launch of HMS Core enabled Huawei to turn around and find a path to a "great enterprise".
However, building an "ecology" is not easy, and there are only a handful of companies that have an "ecology". The world's top technology companies such as Google, Apple, and Microsoft are all on the road. They invest a lot of capital, resources, and manpower every year in order to create their own ecology.
The same is true for Huawei. Every year, Huawei announces that it has invested tens of billions of dollars in research and development. In the past, at this time of the year, there were many doubts about the "effectiveness."
With HiSilicon’s step by step becoming a chip design company with the apex of the pyramid, Huawei’s high-profile appearance of autonomous driving, and now that the foundation of Hongmeng ecology has been established, and the future development direction of Huawei has been clarified, the results have been highlighted and no doubts have been raised.
However, the establishment of ecology is not a one-day effort, and any system ecology requires time. Within three years, the number of HarmonyOS devices reached 150 million, making it the fastest-growing operating system in history.
HarmonyOS has gone from the "ignorant" and "blind people's touch" of 1.0 to the "early clues" of 2.0, giving many people a preliminary concept of HarmonyOS, and now the "firming the foundation" of HarmonyOS 3, the future pace of HarmonyOS To be clearer, it is to "add bricks and tiles" to the ecology on top of this.
To say that HarmonyOS 3 is the cornerstone of the "ecological building", the upgraded development tool announced at this year's HDC is the building equipment.
In addition, with regard to IoT devices that can easily become ecological "islands" in the details of the ecology, Huawei also plans to turn the "Internet of Everything" into "Intelligent Connection of Everything" with HarmonyOS, so that the devices between the ecosystems can better work together in the scene.
On these foundations, Hongmeng’s ecological framework has been set up, and Huawei also upholds an open heart, hoping to accommodate more developers and hardware manufacturers to "build buildings" and make it flourish, making OpenHarmony become Digital foundation for all walks of life.
HarmonyOS 3 became the "HyperTerminal Digital Dock"
There are more than one large-scale operating systems on the market, but with the increase in demand for multi-scenarios and multi-smart devices, they also have some limitations.
For example, Google's Android system is concentrated on the small screen devices of smart phones. In the face of large-screen tablet devices, there is no accurate scene demand point. After struggling for several years, it was finally abandoned. Android tablets have gradually become a niche category. .
Microsoft's Windows is the opposite of Android. It was born from a traditional PC operating system designed for keyboards and mice. It was a bit "unacceptable" in the field of smart phones with small touch screens. It was also abandoned after several years of struggle.
Last year, Huawei’s HarmonyOS 2 was officially launched to users. We can really feel this "new thing". The fluency, functionality and intelligence of the system have completed the technical dry goods brought on HDC before, and there are even Lots of surprises.
And by this year's HarmonyOS 3 developer preview, we no longer have any disagreements with HarmonyOS, but hope that HarmonyOS will be possible.
The fundamental reason for this change is the advantages of HarmonyOS and other traditional operating systems, which is the "distributed soft bus" technology that Hongmeng has emphasized since its inception.
For HarmonyOS, it does not serve hardware devices, but is more oriented toward "application scenarios", which means calling hardware devices with user scenarios as the focus.
▲ HyperTerminal function of HarmonyOS
For the user, it is probably such a scene. When you get home, the video on your phone will be pushed to the smart screen. At this time, the audio-visual experience of the smart screen is obviously more suitable for video playback.
In order to allow HarmonyOS developers to make better use of Hongmeng's distributed capabilities, HarmonyOS 3 brings a new flexible deployment automation tool.
To put it simply, HarmonyOS is split into many small modules. Developers can select components according to different hardware to complete the "assembly" of the software.
For example, a pair of smart headphones can be deployed through modules such as an audio, a Bluetooth, a media player, and a lightweight microkernel. As for the smart cockpit system, a 3D graphics engine and a HarmonyOS kernel may be added on this basis for transplantation and deployment.
From the perspective of HarmonyOS 3, there is not much difference in the assembly of the operating system between the smart headset and the smart cockpit. Simple, fast, and efficient are the major advantages of the HarmonyOS 3 system flexible deployment tool.
Of course, the fundamental goal of "flexible deployment" is to let different hardware running the same system, abandon the differences between devices, and use a unified language to communicate, and the barriers are gone.
When you get home and continue to watch the video, there may only be two devices: a smart phone and a smart screen. For home exercise, you may need three devices: a smart watch, earphones, and a smart screen.
The number of devices called by the "terminal" in different scenarios is different. In order to enable the "terminal" to support more hardware, touch more scenarios, and bring better hardware performance, the heterogeneous networking technology on HarmonyOS 3 enhances the distributed software The ability of a bus and a distributed decision center can support more devices.
To put it simply, under HarmonyOS 3, under different scenarios, more hardware devices can be used and a better terminal experience. Huawei compares this feature of HarmonyOS 3 to a super terminal digital base. The larger the base and the more "plug-in" hardware, the experience will naturally rise.
At the same time, along with the advent of HarmonyOS 3, there are upgrades to various development tool suites, including Ark Development Framework 3.0, Ark Compiler 3.0, DevEco Studio 3.0, HarmonyOS SDK, and so on.
In general, the three major changes brought about by HarmonyOS 3, namely "flexible deployment tools", "heterogeneous networking", and development tool family bucket upgrades, are all to give play to the "distributed" characteristics of Hongmeng.
In the future, Huawei will focus on launching self-developed programming languages. There are considerable challenges in developing programming languages and digging into your own systems. There are already many excellent programming languages. Learning a new language may invisibly increase the developer’s time cost at first, but having your own programming language is obviously more Conducive to improving the efficiency of development.
Just as Apple iOS has launched the Swift programming language more than ten years after its birth, and developers have not regressed due to the emergence of new languages.
For Hongmeng itself, with a programming language, Huawei already has all the tools needed to develop an operating system, and it can even be said to complement the Hongmeng development universe.
HMS Core 6 with new capabilities and new features
Also on the hot search with HarmonyOS 3 is the "Astronaut Dial".
This dial, priced at 6 yuan in the Huawei theme store, has been downloaded 3 million times, earning a dividend of 13 million yuan for its developers.
Although the outstanding performance of the "Astronaut LCD Dial" can only be regarded as a phenomenal level, and it is difficult for latecomers to replicate it, the temptation of dividends of 13 million yuan has really promoted the motivation of developers. In case of fire, the next 13 million yuan It might be me.
From a glimpse, we know the whole thing. HMS Core 6 (Huawei Mobile Services), which was launched in July this year, has achieved remarkable results.
- There are more than 5.1 million HMS Core developers, which is double the 2.3 million in 2020;
- There are more than 173,000 applications integrating HMS Core, an increase of 81% compared to HDC 2020, and developer revenue has increased by 62%;
- In the first three quarters of 2021, the number of applications distributed 332.2 billion times, a growth rate of 13%.
It is precisely because of the continuous upward update of HMS Core's operating data in the past few years that it has also promoted Huawei's continuous enrichment and expansion of HMS Core's Kit (development tool) and API (application interface).
The newly announced HMS Core 6 has opened 69 Kits in 7 areas and 21738 APIs. Last year, the relative data of HMS Core 5 was 56 Kits and 12,981 APIs.
It is worth noting that among the 69 Kits, 13 have been added, 18 have been enhanced, and 13 of them support cross-operating systems. In addition to being able to call these 13 HMS Core 6-based Kits on HarmonyOS and Android, developers can also call them on OpenHarmony, Windows, and iOS systems.
The better understanding of this cross-platform is Health Kit. Huawei has now become the No. 1 shipment of wearable devices on the China Bowl, with a cumulative shipment of more than 8 million. But not all users are users of Huawei mobile phones. There are also iPhone and Android devices that can still call the health kit in Huawei watches.
In addition to the cross-platform health kit, Huawei also uses the new graphics 3D modeling kit of HMS Core 6, which can complete 3D modeling only through the RGB camera, which greatly simplifies the development difficulty.
The same examples include multimedia, AI, machine learning, etc. The Kit covering various fields in HMS Core 6, as well as the more feature-rich service business, is fundamentally clearing all thorns for developers and making development more efficient. higher. Conversely, if the development efficiency is high, the development speed of the HMS ecosystem will accelerate.
From the Internet of Everything to the "Smart" Connection of Everything
Remember that when watching the HDC live broadcast, the real-time sign language interpretation in the lower right corner is very eye-catching, not because of "her" dressing and demeanor, but because she is not a "person", but realized by AI, audio and video can generate smart sign language services in real time .
The related AI technology is also integrated into the HMS Core 6 Kit, and developers can freely call it during the development process. In fact, not only does HMS Core 6 have the corresponding AI Kit, but also uses AI in the distributed technology that HarmonyOS is proud of.
As mentioned earlier, Huawei HarmonyOS is oriented to scenarios. Different scenarios will form different "terminals". The collaboration between different devices is the key to excellent experience.
Otherwise, if you still use Bluetooth, ZigBee and other protocols for interconnection, the interaction between the devices will not be automatic. To put it bluntly, the "islanding" effect is still there.
At this HDC, the new sensor federation technology brought by Huawei is a good medicine. Under the premise of ensuring privacy, the "Sensing Federation" enables the sharing of sensor data between hardware devices, so that "terminals" composed of different hardware devices can accurately determine the user's intentions.
The unified entrance to this technology is the virtual AI image of "Xiaoyi", that is, there is no need to connect to some traditional ecological systems. It is necessary to set trigger conditions in advance, or log in to a unified account. Within the Hongmeng ecology, you can directly use voice commands. Art, and then AI will execute the hardware in the "terminal".
To put it simply, the interconnection between traditional operating systems is through some protocols such as Bluetooth, WiFi, ZigBee, etc. They are more like physical connections. Under Hongmeng, there is data sharing between devices, and with the help of AI technology, interconnection is actually more like "intelligent connection."
Like HarmonyOS 3, Huawei also provides a one-stop open environment for developers of IoT devices in the Harmony Ecosystem, including screened and non-screened devices, with the ultimate goal of "doubling efficiency."
Hongmeng Ecology: On the right track and run faster
Whether it is HarmonyOS 3, HMS Core 6 or HarmonyOS Connect (Hongmeng Zhilian) for IoT devices, for users, smart and powerful should be the greatest feeling, while for developers, it is this year that the future will be brighter with less effort. The center conveyed by HDC.
For the Hongmeng ecology this year, the true meaning of "Hongmeng Become" lies in "on the right track" and "the future can be expected."
At present, Google's Android system is mainly based on smart devices. Smart watches and tablet systems are separated and combined. In the end, the former is integrated with Samsung for development, while the latter is abandoned.
The unification of Windows that Microsoft once wanted was also bankrupt due to the premature death of Windows Phone. On Windows 11, it also began to cooperate with Google, allowing Windows to run the Android App, and join forces to promote the ecosystem.
Because of the distributed concept, Hongmeng of the newborn calf broke the hardware boundary and solved it through ideas at the beginning of development. It did not have the shackles of traditional systems. It can also be regarded as the reason for the continuous rapid development of Hongmeng.
Regarding the Hongmeng ecology at this year's developer conference, Huawei not only summarized the outstanding achievements in the past, but also upgraded the developer tools, improved efficiency, and demonstrated its expectations for the future under the new ecology.
Facing the current problems, Huawei has been trying to provide solutions. Once Hongmeng was probably just one of the answers, but after three years of development, after three generations, the scale has become larger and the ecology has gradually improved, which has brought Hongmeng closer to the optimal. untie.
Looking back at the vision of Huawei's terminal company that Yu Chengdong said before, "Hongmeng became a big word" is not a big word, but "a trace to follow." Even if there are difficulties, with the continuous expansion and strengthening of the Hongmeng ecology, the "intelligent world of the Internet of Everything" is gradually becoming clear.
It’s just that the now larger Hongmeng ecosystem is not enough. The next goal is to expand, expand and then expand, to absorb more developers, more IoT vendors, and even more "comers", so this building The ecological building will be more stable.
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