Huawei officially announces “Pure Blood Hongmeng”! Voice assistant evolves into “Jarvis”, the operating system in the AI ​​era is here

For a long time there were only two types of smartphones, iPhones and Android phones, but that is no longer accurate.

According to the latest data released by research organization Counterpoint Research, Huawei HarmonyOS's market share in China has risen to 17%, surpassing iOS to become the second largest operating system in China.

At the Huawei Developer Conference just now, Hongmeng operating system received its biggest update since its birth.

Huawei officially announced that HarmonyOS NEXT has officially launched the Beta version for developers and pioneer users. In other words, what everyone calls "pure-blooded Harmony", an operating system that is truly independent of Android and iOS, will be available soon.

At present, the number of Hongmeng ecological devices exceeds 900 million, and all TOP 5000 applications have joined the Hongmeng ecosystem, attracting more than 2.54 million developers. A system ecosystem that connects multiple devices and multiple scenarios to bring a full-scenario intelligent operating system experience has begun to emerge.

In the words of Yu Chengdong, this is Hongmeng speed. Huawei has made a comprehensive breakthrough in the core technology of the operating system and completed in a shorter time what others took ten years or more to complete.

Huawei also re-demonstrated its layout for AI experience at this conference – "Harmony Intelligence".

In native Hongmeng, what we see is not just the brilliance of Huawei’s core technology breakthroughs in 1,778 days, nor the changes in the pattern of mobile operating systems. More importantly, how can an operating system disperse all kinds of things in a large model? And the AI ​​capabilities in the application are transformed into the daily experience of every ordinary user .

"Pure Blood Hongmeng" experience upgrade: Xiaoyi evolves into "Jarvis"

In addition to being a rebirth of the underlying architecture, HarmonyOS NEXT, as a major version update iteration, also brings an improvement in experience, which is also the core advantage that distinguishes HarmonyOS NEXT from other systems.

It can be said that Hongmeng has now moved out of Android’s “rental house” and built its own “Hongmeng Community”, planning and managing it by itself, bringing more powerful functions.

In this community, Harmony has brought a more powerful "butler" – Harmony Intelligence. HarmonyOS NEXT relies on Shengteng's computing power and Pangu's large model to bring system-level AI capabilities and achieve a "native intelligence" experience.

First is the more basic “AIGC” experience:

  • "AI Helping Painting" can generate various interesting styles based on characters' facial features, clothing and other characteristics, and can also realize "AI Elimination" and "AI Helping Painting" of photos;
  • "AI Voice Repair" can repair difficult-to-recognize speech sentences in real time during face-to-face communication, helping people with disabilities communicate;
  • Thanks to its multi-modal capabilities, Xiaoyi's intelligent agent can analyze the real world through the mobile phone camera, such as helping the visually impaired find the food in the refrigerator and determine the freshness of the food.

The new Xiaoyi super intelligence is different from simply connecting a large model to a voice assistant. It has been enhanced in many aspects such as memory perception, reasoning planning, memory enhancement, and service distribution. With a more powerful appearance, it appears in all aspects of the HarmonyOS NEXT system.

The new Xiaoyi is not only a voice assistant, but also "always on call" in the navigation bar. Users can drag text, pictures, and documents to the navigation bar at any time, allowing Xiaoyi to create schedules, search by pictures, listen to books, and form with one click. Operations such as extraction and summary question and answer can also generate a data file based on data pictures.

And what Hongmeng native intelligence can do is not limited to this. When it comes to the Hongmeng community that I am more familiar with, AI is no longer a separate preset application, but is deeply integrated with each subsystem of the system. This is the essence of Hongmeng native intelligence. Real ace.

Therefore, the barriers between applications are broken down, and Xiaoyi can achieve more convenient cross-application operations. The self-developed database ArkData brings "memory" to Xiaoyi, coupled with the ability to understand intentions brought by the "intent framework", Xiaoyi can more intelligently match users' personalized needs to provide services, and also allows developers to use Xiaoyi to Art is the entrance to reach target users more accurately.

For example, if you tell Xiaoyi to convert the technical parts of yesterday's Hongmeng application development conference materials into PDF, Xiaoyi will find the corresponding information on the phone and convert the technical pages into PDF, and the user will see No problem, you can tell Xiaoyi and reply to Jason's email, saying please check the attachment and attach this PDF. Xiaoyi can also complete an email as required.

He Gang described this multi-application collaboration experience:

It's like turning on automatic driving on your mobile phone. Just tell it your destination and Xiaoyi will help you get there.

If opening up applications is just about opening up the barriers between "rooms", then the "full scene" of HarmonyOS NEXT can also open up "houses" to achieve smoother and more natural interconnection between devices.

Based on distributed technology and one-time development and multi-deployment, HarmonyOS NEXT truly realizes a full-scenario experience of a unified ecosystem, and can be efficiently used by the three-party ecosystem.

Cross-device experience has always been the strength of Huawei and Hongmeng, but now this blade is even sharper. Hongmeng native applications with integrated connection capabilities can be seamlessly transferred between different devices; system-level cross-device copy and paste, non-interrupted music and video multimedia capabilities, etc., make the experience more "fluid" and not limited to the size of different devices. between.

To make users' "living" more comfortable, the "community" must have a reasonable "access control" system, especially for full-scenario circulation, which must allow data to flow freely and orderly.

Because Android was too open in the early days and had extensive privacy controls, many "rogue apps" requested excessive privacy permissions. It was common for a reading app to ask for address book permissions.

HarmonyOS NEXT, like iOS, firmly controls system permissions, coupled with a unified management mechanism and developer certificates, from the root cause of chaos such as developers maliciously asking for permission privacy and inducing downloads.

HarmonyOS NEXT also brings the first secure access mechanism. Users can only obtain data if they agree to give it, and it has been refined from "managing permissions" to "managing data."

In addition to the system security and privacy management that these users just need, Hongmeng also brings more advanced data security. Files can be "encrypted" and only authorized users can open them, achieving true forwarding confidentiality.

If you tell a Huawei mobile phone user that your mobile phone will be completely transferred to the HarmonyOS NEXT system and completely abandon the Android framework, he may not understand it or what the significance of this is.

But he will find that the voice assistant on his mobile phone is easier to use, and he will no longer ask for messy permissions. The mobile phone can work better with his tablet and smart screen devices, and he can also encrypt files.

Without breaking or establishing, and completely abandoning the Android framework, HarmonyOS NEXT can bring more core system advantages to users, truly realize the "intelligent connection of everything", and attract more consumers to join the Harmony ecosystem.

HarmonyOS NEXT will officially launch the developer beta today, the public beta in August, and the official version on mobile phones and tablets in the fourth quarter.

Hongmeng native apps are actually better than ordinary apps?

For a new operating system, the biggest challenge is the construction of the application ecosystem. This is a problem that even Microsoft Windows Phone and Samsung Tizen have not been able to solve. Naturally, it is also a dark cloud hanging over HarmonyOS NEXT.

In one year, 5,000+ Hongmeng applications have been developed and 1,500+ applications have been put on the shelves. Hongmeng ecological construction has entered the final "sprint period."

The relationship with developers is an important foundation for the construction of HarmonyOS ecosystem. It officially provides development kits and rich course resources, and integrates AI-assisted coding tools. Currently, the number of HarmonyOS developers has reached 2.54 million.

Hongmeng native applications have "all-scenario" native and multi-terminal features, and can automatically adapt to the screen sizes and layouts of multiple devices such as candy bar phones, folding screens, and tablets through one-time development; various types of Hongmeng application UI specifications are also provided to adapt to Easier; rich interfaces and kits allow ordinary applications to be easily adapted to become full-scenario applications.

This brings a win-win situation: developers’ adaptation workload is greatly reduced, while consumers get a family-style experience with consistent style and experience on different devices.

Hongmeng's goal is not only to simply lay out a "sufficient" application ecosystem, but also to use the ecosystem as a "sharp sword" and deeply integrate it with the HarmonyOS NEXT system experience to bring unique advantages that other platforms do not have.

The native intelligent AI capabilities will be provided to third-party developers through open APIs, allowing developers to directly call system-level AI functions without the need for developers to develop AI functions themselves.

For example, Xiaohongshu can recommend relevant note creation themes and pictures based on the user's recent photos, and can also call system-level AI cutouts.

Different news and reading software can be managed through a unified broadcast control center, making the intelligent voice experience more consistent.

Third-party applications that are connected to the "intent framework" are even more intelligent. For example, Alipay will intelligently match services that users may need based on their location.

There is also application circulation in all scenarios. Since it can be deployed on multiple terminals with one development, Hongmeng native applications can not only optimize the experience for the device, but also achieve unified experience, making device circulation more convenient and faster: mobile phone photo album, Xiaohongshu It can be called directly; DingTalk meetings can be transferred across devices without interruption.

The general operating system only provides a simple base and platform, with very little interaction with the application itself. HarmonyOS NEXT integrates frameworks and interfaces, allowing system-level functions to be connected to third-party applications, emphasizing the system's endowment to applications. An ecosystem that can benefit Hongmeng, developers, and users at the same time:

Hongmeng is not a winner-take-all, but a win-win situation for all parties, from one horse taking the lead to ten thousand horses galloping forward.

Pure blood Hongmeng, where is the purity?

Abandoning the Android framework, HarmonyOS NEXT ushered in a completely reborn self-reinvention.

From the operating system kernel and file system to the AI ​​framework and programming language, HarmonyOS NEXT has achieved full-stack independent research and development, truly becoming an operating system independent of Android and iOS.

It abandons the Linux kernel and replaces it with the new Hongmeng kernel, which not only ends the 30-year history of terminal operating system kernels being dominated by the West, but also improves performance by 10.7% compared to the previous generation, achieving a breakthrough in stability, fluency and security. Great progress.

Yu Chengdong proudly said at the press conference:

It took us ten years to do what our European and American counterparts did for more than thirty years. This is Hongmeng Speed, a breakthrough in the core technology of a comprehensive operating system that reaches down to the root.

OpenHarmony is the fastest-growing open source operating system, with a Gitee index of NO.1, community contributors of more than 7,800, and more than 110 million lines of code, of which Huawei has contributed more than 62 million lines of core code.

HarmonyOS NEXT made its first public appearance at the HDC interactive exhibition area, bringing six native experiences including native intelligence, full scenes, and native security, focusing on one-time development and multi-terminal experience.

This innovation also permeates the subtleties of user interaction with the device.

ArkGraphics is the industry's first highly parallel, low-load unified rendering engine that improves 2D rendering performance by 26% while reducing power consumption by 10%.

Ark Multimedia Engine supports the HDR Vivid picture standard for the first time. The dynamic range of pictures is increased by 2.7 times, restoring real-world colors; the picture rendering speed when taking pictures is increased by 3 times; the video playback load is reduced by 30%, extending the battery life of the mobile phone.

Or the self-developed Ark Compiler/Bisheng Compiler/Ark can achieve end-cloud-core collaboration and adaptive optimization when running high-performance code.

For example, when China Merchants Bank uses ArkTS and the Ark compiler to run, the performance is improved by more than 10%; the C/C++ code of Amap is recompiled using the Bisheng compiler, and the performance is greatly improved.

Huawei's AI functions have been upgraded to the system level, not just at the user interface or application level, but embedded into the most basic level of the operating system.

Combined with intelligent upgrades of various subsystems (such as media and files), Huawei has built a natively intelligent system base to provide a smoother and more personalized user experience.

Based on distributed technology and once-developed multi-deployment, HarmonyOS NEXT promotes the innovation of full-scenario intelligent experience.

The distributed soft bus technology has been fully upgraded, further strengthening the native interconnection and collaborative working capabilities between devices, increasing the connection speed by 3 times, allowing up to 4 devices to be connected, and reducing power consumption by 20%.

Thanks to comprehensive breakthroughs in root technology and architectural innovation, HarmonyOS NEXT reconstructs the system architecture and deeply integrates soft and hard core clouds, improving performance by 30% compared to HarmonyOS 4.

Huawei's goal is to achieve extreme parallelism through a minimalist architecture, and to improve the performance of the entire machine by 20% to 30% every year, surpassing the progress of the entire industry's chip process.

Gong Ti, President of Huawei Terminal BG Software Department, emphasized at the press conference that developing Hongmeng native applications is not just about simply rewriting the code, but redesigning the user experience.

For example, Meituan and Huawei have conducted in-depth cooperation to redesign the cycling experience.

In the past, it took at least five steps to unlock the phone while riding a bike. So now, through the developed direct access capability of scanning the QR code, five steps can be reduced to one step, simplifying the operation process, and you can also return the car with one click in the live window in the locked screen state.

HarmonyOS NEXT also redefines the rules for applications to obtain private data.

Developers can no longer apply for excessive permissions and can only obtain data explicitly authorized by the user. Just like a courier coming to pick up a package, he doesn't need to pull out the key to your home, he just needs to take away your package – simple, direct and safe.

As for financial-level security capabilities, Alipay, China Construction Bank, Agricultural Bank of China, ICBC, China Merchants Bank and other companies have already taken the lead in accessing and using it.

The close and in-depth optimization between the operating system and applications makes Hongmeng native applications run more smoothly. For example, Taobao's settlement speed has increased by 1.5 times, and Meitu XiuXiu's P-picture speed has also increased by 1.7 times.

We need an AI operating system more than a more powerful large model

Why do we need a new mobile operating system? Five years after the release of Hongmeng system, this question needs to be answered again.

The arrival of native Hongmeng applications certainly marks the breaking of technology blockade and monopoly, and having our own controllable technology in a series of mass products. This is a value that cannot be overemphasized, and is destined to play a glorious chapter in the history of Chinese science and technology. The thick ink.

However, what I want to discuss more is, do we just need an independent version of iOS or Android system?

After the rapid evolution of large models and the sweeping wave of AIGC, although most people's daily lives have not changed much, the interaction methods are quietly changing.

In the 1980s, the emergence of the graphical user interface (GUI) seemed unremarkable, but it eventually developed into a modern operating system. Computers, mobile phones, tablets, cars… almost all the interactions with devices with screens today are based on it. .

At the beginning of the year, we put forward a point in ifanRank that AI will become the new operating system for smartphones, and large models are the core of the intelligent operating system . Today you can update it and replace "smartphone" with "smart device".

Integrating AI capabilities to the system level and presenting it to users in the simplest and most intuitive interactive way is the greatest value of HarmonyOS NEXT at the moment .

For example, when I am editing text, reading documents, or watching videos in front of the screen, I can directly drag information from these different media to the navigation bar and summon "Xiaoyi Super Intelligence" to perform table extraction, summary Q&A, and other operations.

I can also tell Xiaoyi to send these processed text pictures or videos to someone, and remind him on which day he will come to the meeting for discussion. This actually requires AI to call calendars, contacts, and text messages at the same time to perform tasks, but because the large Pangu model is hidden in the system, users will not notice it.

This kind of processing logic reminds me of a concept mentioned by OpenAI founding member and AI technology guru Andrej Karpathy last year: large language model operating system (LLM OS) . To some extent, large model is a new computer and operating system. It can connect various software and hardware, as well as peripherals composed of all modal information, and perform various tasks through function calls.

The operating system based on the native Hongmeng is trying to make users gradually forget about applications, or forget the "island feeling" of needing to switch between different applications. This was also our speculation when Hongmeng was launched, and it was also the interactive form of "Super Terminal": atomizing services.

Daily ultra-high-frequency apps are replaced by service applications in the form of APIs, and AI (artificial intelligence) is involved in connecting these services to the front-end user experience. AI uses sensors such as voice and image to perform intent recognition and service scheduling.

Compared with large models and AI hardware, how to build an AI operating system has even greater value in improving user experience. Of course, there is still a way to go. How to build a rich application ecosystem in native Hongmeng is an area that AI star companies such as OpenAI are also trying but are not very successful.

In the AI ​​era, Huawei plays a more important role as an "operating system company" , penetrating the power of AI into the system, shaping an intelligent life and work platform, and providing a practical, accessible but invisible AI experience.

This article was co-written by Li Chaofan, Su Weihong, and Mo Chongyu

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