In the eyes of an ordinary consumer, what is Huawei's strongest? I think it should be the execution and organization ability, a bit like the "fenglin volcano" in the art of war. These determine Huawei's higher-level technology research and development capabilities and product capabilities.
On the occasion of the opening of HDC2021, it is also necessary for us to review the past and present of this operating system. This system was once incomprehensible and not optimistic. How to grow tenaciously, gain users, and gain understanding.
80 5 days
805 days ago, as soon as HarmonyOS was released, we said that "Huawei has finally become a "super terminal" company". What's interesting is that the function that best reflects the capabilities of HarmonyOS is called "super terminal". Here, HarmonyOS unifies the underlying, cross-device, and distributed features at a glance.
▲Hyper terminal function of HarmonyOS
Compared to connecting smart devices through Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, or ZigBee before, HarmonyOS takes a further step in thinking. Through the "distributed soft bus" technology, the devices in this system are discovered and connected together insensibly. Moreover, the basic hardware capabilities of various devices can also be freely combined like "movable type printing": mobile phone cameras are used as drones cameras; Bluetooth headsets replace TV speakers…
▲Distributed soft bus
Here, HarmonyOS has done a lot of work between basic communication and terminal equipment (in addition to distributed software buses, distributed equipment virtualization, distributed data management, and distributed task scheduling) to achieve hardware mutual assistance, resources The effect of sharing. And, thanks to the fact that HarmonyOS products have begun to take shape, if there are HarmonyOS products (mobile phones, headphones, speakers, watches, TVs, etc.), you will experience a more senseless and convenient smart life experience.
For example: when answering a video call while doing housework, you can connect your mobile phone to a smart screen, and virtualize the screen, camera, and speakers of the smart screen into local resources, replacing the screen, camera, earpiece, and speakers of the mobile phone. Do housework while making video calls through smart screens and speakers.
It has been 805 days since we knew the name of Hongmeng. In fact, we can already experience the experience change brought to us by HarmonyOS. This change is not earth-shaking, more often, it is silent.
People's basic habit of using equipment has been developed. At the experience level, what Huawei needs to do is not to reinvent the wheels, but to make the wheels run faster and more stable.
But as a future-oriented system, HarmonyOS is not simply a mobile phone operating system or a smart device operating system, but a set of operating systems that provide a unified language for the intelligence, interconnection and collaboration of different devices. For device developers, HarmonyOS adopts a componentized design scheme, which can be flexibly tailored according to the resource capabilities and business characteristics of the device to meet the operating system requirements of different types of terminal devices, from cars, to mobile phones, to watches, to TVs, even dash cams, and smart microwave ovens are fine.
In short, what users can perceive is that HarmonyOS can adapt to a variety of devices, and it can also make the devices intimate. This game of chess sounds a bit familiar, not just the "1+8+" on Huawei hardware. Is N" a scene that has been repeatedly emphasized? If the numbers in "1+8+N" represent equipment, then "+" can actually be further understood as the "distributed soft bus" technology in HarmonyOS (previously HUAWEI Share and HLink).
In this way, HarmonyOS can cover the 5 major life scenarios of smart home, smart office, smart travel, sports and health, and audio-visual entertainment. There are some scenes in which Huawei is already familiar with it, such as watch + TV to build a body, mobile phone + tablet + computer collaborative office; of course, some areas of HarmonyOS have recently entered, such as the car.
Since HarmonyOS was announced on August 9, 2019, it was officially pushed to the terminal in June this year, and now the new version of the Huawei Developer Conference HDC2021 will be unveiled. HarmonyOS has gone through the stage of discussion and has begun to go far.
Although Huawei's consumer business has suffered a blow, HarmonyOS has actually achieved an acceleration, which is in harmony with the concept of "super terminal". A set of data can illustrate this speed:
- On June 9, 2021, Hongmeng exceeded 10 million a week after its release, and it exceeded 30 million user upgrades in one month;
- On July 29, Huawei’s P50 series was released. The number of Hongmeng upgraded users has exceeded 40 million, with 8 users upgrading Hongmeng every second;
- On August 7, Hongmeng ran out of acceleration-the number of Hongmeng upgrades exceeded expectations, breaking through 50 million.
- On the occasion of the Huawei Smart Office conference on September 13, Hongmeng upgraded to over 100 million, and Hongmeng became the world's fastest mobile operating system with over 100 million users.
- The nova9 series was released on September 23. According to the official report, over 1 million users upgrade Hongmeng every day, and Hongmeng upgraded users to exceed 120 million.
For Huawei, gaining HarmonyOS users is a race against time. To this day, despite external sanctions, the number of active devices of Huawei's mobile phones in China still ranks first. This is the basic disk of HarmonyOS.
When HarmonyOS was not launched at the beginning, people were arguing about its relationship with AOSP, whether it was a shell, and so on. But after the push, the question that people care about has become how about the HarmonyOS experience?
▲HarmonyOS brings multi-camera shooting function to Huawei mobile phones
In Zhihu, "How is the actual hand experience of Hongmeng HarmonyOS 2 released by Huawei?" Is it worth upgrading? "Following the question, hundreds of users answered at the first time. In fact, to sum up, these answers are similar to each other:
- The overall experience is not much different from the previous Android-based EMUI, and there is no obstacle to moving from Android
- The fluency has been improved compared to before, and the animation effects and UI have improved
- Easy to connect with other devices
- Some small changes and small functions, so that the detailed experience is improved
If it takes a lot of talking to explain the relationship with AOSP at this stage, then the real machine experience is actually too shallow. In the end, most of the answers are also directed to that question. Is it worth upgrading? worth.
In fact, the result of 120 million HarmonyOS users today is also related to the question and answer above. If the HarmonyOS experience is very different from the previous system, and the experience is retrogressive, various apps flash back, and various system bugs, then we are discussing The topic may be "Haste is not enough, 120 million users are miserable by HarmonyOS".
Again, Huawei is not recreating wheels here, but is considering making the wheels run faster and more stable.
Although HarmonyOS first entered the public eye in the previous year, the starting point of HarmonyOS began in 2017. A concept of Internet of Everything came into people’s minds. The smartphone market was at its peak. Everything was vibrant and everything revolved around the mobile operating system. Unfold. At that time, Huawei had already started the technical verification of the Hongmeng core.
The difference between technology companies and consumer electronics companies also arises here: the former takes a longer view and a deeper view.
Under the vigor, the problem has gradually emerged: most of the current mainstream operating systems only target a specific terminal, and lack a seamless experience design for consumers across devices. Developers pay high costs for repeated development of applications on different devices. With the continuous emergence of new equipment forms, the experience and ecological dilemma will become more obvious.
At the level of user perception, more and more devices are used: computers, tablets, mobile phones, smart watches, smart home products, and Internet cars. Basically, these products have a separate operating system, although it is not impossible between devices. Contact, but the experience is not uniform after all. What ordinary users can’t see is the developer’s pain. If the development cost is too high, it will be difficult for the ecology to prosper. If the ecological experience is not good, then it will be difficult for users to retain. Developed for new ecology and new equipment.
HarmonyOS was released earlier than expected, but even without external sanctions, Huawei has made it clear that the next 10 years will focus on the core strategy of "all-scenario smart life". HarmonyOS is actually a new operating system that responds to the needs and challenges of the all-scenario era. Facts have proved that planning for a rainy day 4 years ago was not only a preparation for a possible crisis, but also a pavement for the next 10 years.
In 2019, Yu Chengdong revealed that Huawei’s internal employees involved in the development of the Hongmeng system are 4,000 to 5,000. In 2020, Huawei’s R&D investment has reached 140 billion yuan, and HarmonyOS is the top priority in Huawei’s R&D system. Heavy.
So, what is Hongmeng?
Wang Chenglu, President of Huawei Consumer Business AI and Smart Full Scenario Business Department, said:
The starting point of Hongmeng operating system is different from other operating systems. It is not doing another Linux, Android, and iOS, but is born for the challenges of full scenarios, multiple devices, business collaboration, low latency, and high security. From the headset to the big car running on the road, they all use the same service system or the same Hongmeng DNA, so that the connections between different devices share a set of language, and the devices can communicate with each other.
There are many scenarios for this kind of equipment communication. For example, Huawei gave an example:
If the user travels by car, plan the navigation route on the mobile phone before getting in the car; after getting in the car, the navigation is automatically transferred to the car machine and car speakers; after getting off the car, the navigation is automatically transferred back to the mobile phone. If the user travels by bicycle, plan the navigation route on the mobile phone, and the watch can continue to navigate while riding.
This is a scenario that reflects the technical characteristics of "distributed task scheduling", but we have not experienced it at this stage, but it is technically completely feasible.
▲Schematic diagram of HarmonyOS technical architecture
Therefore, in HarmonyOS, not only the many capabilities of the system can be freely tailored and matched like movable type printing to adapt to a variety of devices, from mobile phones to headsets. In fact, the tasks and data under HarmonyOS are similar. Circulate between various devices. It can be said that it is precisely because of the "flexible deployment, distributed, and cross-device" characteristics of HarmonyOS that many people see it as a peak on the side of a ridge, and it is difficult to understand what Hongmeng is? In fact, the current experience of its system is not completely integrated, and we can only watch the leopard.
By 2021, Windows 11, iOS 15, Android 12, these updated systems this year have all reached such a scale over the years. By the same token, HarmonyOS is a system that has been released for less than three years and has only been officially released for a few months, and it will go in the future. There is still a long way to go. Nowadays, it is not perfect, and the fulfillment of the vision is only part of it. Fortunately, it has at least made beneficial changes in experience and is an advanced thinking in concept.
At the upcoming Huawei Developers Conference HDC2021, HarmonyOS 3.0 is about to come out. It is expected that more applicable scenarios will be implemented at that time. By then, our understanding of it can be further improved. What is Hongmeng? The answer to this question may have a new solution.
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