AMD releases two “most powerful” processors, leading the industry in AI performance

Qualcomm's Snapdragon

On June 3, Beijing time, AMD brought a number of processor products to the Taipei Computex Show. Among them, the most important ones are the new Ryzen AI 300 series designed specifically for AI notebooks, and the performance-focused desktop processor Ryzen. Dragon 9000 series.

These two processors can be said to be the "strongest" products.

Ryzen AI 300 Series: The “most powerful” NPU on mobile

The Ryzen AI 300 series includes two models with very long and unpronounceable names: Ryzen AI 9 HX 370 and Ryzen AI 9 365. It can be said that they are derived from the Ryzen 9 series, and the "HX" does not refer to this processor as in AMD's naming tradition. The power of the device, The Verge believes that it only means "premium version".

If you only look at NPU (Neural Network Processor) performance, the Ryzen AI 300 series is "far ahead", providing 50 TOPS (trillion operations per second) computing power, not only exceeding the "AIPC" set by Microsoft and Intel (now It is the computing power threshold of Copilot + PC) 45 TOPS, and also aspires to the mobile NPU computing power.

For comparison, Qualcomm's Snapdragon

The TOPS parameter is just one of the highlights of this NPU. AMD said that the new XDNA2 NPU has 5 times the computing power of the previous generation, and the energy efficiency ratio is also 1 times higher than the previous generation.

AMD also introduced that this new NPU is the industry's first NPU to support the Block FP16 data type. In layman's terms, when this NPU handles AI work, it does not need to sacrifice more device performance and can provide higher accuracy. Spend.

▲ AMD: Performance of 8-bit data, accuracy of 16-bit data

In terms of other parameters, both models are equipped with AMD's new Zen 5 architecture CPU. The specific parameters are as follows:

– Ryzen AI 9 365 is a 10-core 12-thread processor, including 4 Zen 5 cores and 6 Zen 5c cores, with a cache of 34 MB and a maximum frequency of 5.0 GHz
– Ryzen AI 9 HX 370 is a 12-core 24-thread processor, including 4 Zen 5 cores and 8 Zen 5c cores, with a cache of 36 MB and a maximum frequency of 5.1 GHz

The Ryzen AI 300 series is AMD's "APU" (accelerated processor) product, which means that the independent graphics core and CPU are integrated on one chip. Ryzen AI 9 365 is equipped with AMD Radeon 880M GPU, while Ryzen AI 9 HX 370 is equipped with Radeon 890M GPU.

With the above configuration, Ryzen AI 300's performance outside of AI is also remarkable.

AMD claims that in selected games, the performance of AMD Ryzen AI 9 HX 370 is 36% higher than that of Intel Core Ultra 9 185H. In the performance of specific games, the gap is largest in "Cyberpunk 2077", Ryzen AI 9 HX 370 is 47% better than Intel Core Ultra 9 185H.

However, since there is no specific game frame rate data, this gap can only be said to be for reference only.

AMD announced that Ryzen AI 300 series processors will be available on new notebook products from OEM manufacturers such as ASUS, Lenovo, ROG, MSI and others in July this year to create more "Copilot+ PC" notebooks.

With the launch of the Ryzen AI 300 series processors, the Copilot+ PC field is finally no longer dominated by Arm devices. Qualcomm Snapdragon X processors have also ushered in a strong opponent.

Ryzen 9000 Series: The World’s “Most Powerful” Desktop Consumer Processors

In addition to the Ryzen AI 300 series, another heavyweight new product is undoubtedly the new Ryzen 9000 series desktop processors, including Ryzen 9 9950X, Ryzen 9 9900X, Ryzen 7 9700X and Ryzen 5 9600X.

Regarding the introduction of this processor, AMD directly ignored advertising laws and confidently stated that Ryzen 9 9950X is "the most powerful desktop consumer processor in the world."

Without further ado, let’s take a look at the specific parameters of the four models:
– Ryzen 9 9950X: 16 cores 32 threads, up to 5.7 GHz, power consumption 170W, cache 80 MB
– Ryzen 9 9900X: 12 cores, 24 threads, up to 5.6 GHz, power consumption 120W, cache 76 MB
– Ryzen 9 9700X: 8 cores, 16 threads, up to 5.5 Ghz, power consumption 65W, cache 40 MB
– Ryzen 9 9600X: 6 cores, 12 threads, up to 5.4 Ghz, power consumption 65W, cache 38 MB

According to AMD, compared with Intel's Core i9-14900K, which is also positioned as a desktop computer, the 9950X is 56% faster on Blender and 23% better in the game "Horizon: Zero Dawn".

Both the Ryzen 9000 series and the Ryzen AI 300 series introduced above use AMD's new Zen 5 architecture and still use the AM5 CPU socket. AMD also announced at the Taipei Computex that it will continue to support AM5 until 2027, and even beyond.

Compared with the previous generation, AMD said that Zen 5 has improved by 16% in IPC (instructions per cycle), which is another important parameter that affects CPU performance in addition to clock speed.

AMD also announced that the Ryzen series 9000 series will be officially launched on July 31, and pricing will be disclosed at that time.

In addition to these two blockbuster products, AMD also showcased the fifth-generation EPYC server processor, which has an increase of up to 192 cores and 384 threads. It will be the first to be put into cloud service platforms such as Amazon, Alibaba Cloud, and Microsoft Azure.

AMD also brought two AM4 socket Ryzen 5000XT series products: the 16-core Ryzen 9 5900XT and the 8-core Ryzen 7 5800XT. Both processors have a maximum frequency of 4.8 GHz. AM4 slots will be supported until 2025.

Finally, AMD also launched the new Instinct MI325X accelerator, with the memory increased to 288 GB. It also disclosed the Instinct GPU AI accelerator roadmap until 2026, announcing that the Instinct product line will be updated "once a year" to benchmark Nvidia to meet the needs of The ever-expanding demands for AI applications.

The Qualcomm Snapdragon X series has been in the spotlight for a whole year, and was officially launched in April with the dual mission of revitalizing Windows on Arm and Copilot+ PCs. Before the release of Intel Luna Lake in the X86 camp, AMD finally brought a sufficiently promising Ryzen AI 300 series.

Devices equipped with the two AI mobile processors will be officially launched to consumers in June and July. At that time, we can finally experience and compare whether the Copilot+ PC devices of the two platforms are really as good as those introduced at the press conference. So excellent.

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