After going down to see the rice fields, I found that today’s farmers are more responsible than you think

Live, this is a wealth-making campaign on the screen. Dancing, bringing goods, games, beauty…Countless people have made the fortune list through live broadcasts. The amount of rewards and realisation is becoming more and more exaggerated, and there are more and more celebrity anchors and audiences.

Live broadcast, this is a movement of hope in the field. Instead of using traditional methods of raising seedlings and transplanting rice, the rice seeds that have been soaked and pre-germinated are sown directly into the fields by drones, so it is called "live broadcast." Compared with live streaming on mobile phones, this is an industry that most young people are unwilling to do. It lacks attention and has low profits. Compared with industries where there are many mythological cases of getting rich overnight, agricultural "live broadcasts" that require a foothold on the real estate look very unsexy.

But what if the live broadcast on the mobile phone is combined with the live broadcast in the farmland?

100 days before the live broadcast, I went down to see the rice

Combining the two "live broadcasts" is an attempt by Jifei, a smart agricultural technology company, to allow its users to see the actual operation of smart agricultural products on the screen of their mobile phones. Before the rice live broadcast started, I went to Sihui in Zhaoqing, Guangdong with Jifei Technology to check the rice field preparations.

When it comes to smart agriculture, everyone might not think of the land in the south. When most people hear this word, they think of the large cotton fields in Xinjiang and the vast black land in the northeast. In the south, where intensive cultivation is emphasized, the plots are unevenly distributed, the planting areas are scattered, and large farms are far fewer than the plains, and the scale is not that large. This is an objective fact.

▲ Rice fields in Sihui

When I arrived in the fields of Sihui, I experienced the different planting conditions in the south. If the Xinjiang cotton harvesting scene is like a 10,000-person rock concert, the rice fields in Sihui are more like a smaller Live scene. In the rice field we arrived, there was a field with grave mounds and newer tombstones beside it.

Chen Huosen, the operator who has contracted 100 acres of rice fields, is a "new farmer", and he is already a large-scale operator in the local area. But the land he contracted was still not connected together, but scattered in different places in the village.

At that time, the rice was preparing for planting, and the industrious little tractor no longer digs the soil in the Suez Canal, but "prepared the ground" in the ground.

▲ The improved tractor has completely different efficiency from that of people

This is the first step in rice planting. Do a good job of plowing before planting to ensure that the soil for rice planting is softer and improve the efficiency of rice growth. Smart agriculture transforms tractors in this link. Considering that the cost of launching a powerful new tractor is too high and the price may not be accepted by the market, agricultural technology companies are transforming tractors.

The host of an agricultural machinery autopilot will be placed on top of medium and large agricultural machinery such as tractors and rice transplanters to observe the land. The steering wheel of another agricultural machine autopilot replaces the steering wheel of a traditional tractor to control the automatic steering of the agricultural machine and assist driving. This is not a fully automatic driving device, but after setting the parameters, a tractor equipped with a new agricultural machine autopilot can automatically plow the ground, almost without manual intervention, and the land plowing will be more even and plowing The efficiency is also higher.

This is an area of ​​autonomous driving that has received less attention, but it has actually been implemented in farmland.

If the agricultural machinery autopilot is placed on the rice transplanter, the efficiency of rice transplanting can also be improved. It's just that in this seeding session, drones are used on site.

▲ During the live broadcast, above the tractor is the host of the agricultural machinery autopilot

One of the original rice planting methods is seedling raising and transplanting. The rice seeds are cultivated in a field until the seedlings are grown to ensure that the seedlings have grown. The damaged seedlings are screened out, and then the seedlings are transferred to the field for planting until harvest. This is indeed delicate work. The seedlings cultivated in this way are more resistant to diseases and pests, but the disadvantage is that the cost is too high.

Chen Huosen even settled the account. If the traditional seedling raising and transplanting methods are used, it will take 8-10 people a week to plant seedlings on 100 mu of land, and the labor fee for each person is 100 yuan/day. However, using drones to directly sow the seed soaked and pre-germinated rice seeds into the fields by helicopter, sowing 100 acres of land can be easily completed on the same day.

▲ Transplanting seedlings

As a comparison, rice seeds treated with seed soaking and accelerating germination also have a very high survival rate.

This method of planting not only saves seeds, but the machine sowing process also deviates from the "experience and feeling" method of operation, ensuring that the seeds are evenly distributed in each plot.

▲ Demonstration of drone sowing, this method will distribute the seeds more evenly

After that, the smart agriculture application that everyone is most familiar with is the use of drones for field management, including fertilization and pest control. The use of drones in the field management link can avoid about 5% of the damage that the original method may cause to the seedlings.

In this link, artificial intelligence technology is also applied. Jifei’s “AI Prescription Map” will automatically identify field plots, and spray pesticides only when it encounters weeds and insect pests, and do not intervene in healthy plots. In this link, the UAV plot recognition has a success rate of as high as 99.96%.

▲ The drone knows where the border is

How can rice make money after calculating economic accounts

The use of drones can reduce the loss of crops. The use of agricultural machinery autopilot can improve the efficiency of plowing. Will this help the new farmers make more money?

The answer is yes, but the money may not be that much.

If you have a good memory, you may remember that the elders in your family always advised you to save food last year because of the food crisis that may be triggered by the arrival of the new crown. This is really not wrong, although you in China have not been affected much. However, the Global Food Crisis Report issued by the United Nations World Food Program last year made it clear that affected by the new crown epidemic, the number of people facing severe food insecurity in the world will increase to 265 million by the end of 2020, compared with 135 million in 2019. Almost doubled.

▲ The food crisis is real

This also awakens the food stocks of various countries. For the country's food reserves, the number of basic crops with large yields needs to be increased. When it comes to rice planting, the Guangdong Provincial Government has given extremely preferential incentive policies to encourage everyone to use a variety of rice.

There is no rent for the 100 mu of rice field contracted by Chen Huosen, and a subsidy of 500 per mu will be returned. But with such a large discount, the other party still laments the difficulty of growing rice to make money. In contrast, he is more willing to grow Ruimei tomatoes, which can mature in 75 days and have high commercial profits.

What makes the operators feel so emotional is entirely because the price of rice is too "cheap".

▲ Chen Huosen's tomato fields are growing well

This is not a curse to vent, but a fact that needs to be faced objectively. Qin Yujun from Jiangmen 365 Agriculture calculated an economic account for me.

Taking 100 mu of land as an example, the higher yield per mu is 800 jin of grain, and the highest grain price in 2020 is 1.6 yuan/jin. Then, in the case of 100 mu of land in good business conditions and sold at a high level, the operator can enter an account of 128,000 yuan (800,000 yuan). ✖ 1.6 ✖ 100). But this 128,000 is not revenue, and the cost of planting needs to be eliminated.

With the aid of some basic machinery and equipment, the cost of an acre of land is between 900-1000. If calculated according to the lowest 900, the net profit of 100 mu of land may be around 38,000, which is already a good situation.

▲ Agricultural machinery autopilot control interface

It is very hard for a family to plant 100 mu of land. Of course, they may not be able to do it because they are too busy and there are not so many workers. In this case, he may not even make more than 30,000 yuan.

After using the equipment, the first possibility is to reduce its planting cost. The 900 planting cost just calculated, may now only cost more than 700 yuan, or even lower, and the profit margin is also greater. There are more possibilities for higher efficiency. For example, if a drone can hit hundreds of acres or thousands of acres of land, one person can look after 1,000 acres of land, and the profit can become more than 300,000 acres.

When unit production profit encounters a bottleneck, the existence of smart agricultural equipment allows operators to expand the scope of planting within their power, allowing operators to make more money.

▲Tanaka's monitoring equipment, solar power generation, can evaluate weather, soil and other influencing factors

Killing insects is also very mysterious. Today’s new farmers are different

Qin Yujun, who has calculated this economic account with us, is now a technical guide for the pilots, specializing in training young pilots.

Before becoming a pilot, growing up in the countryside was the only connection between Qin Yujun and agriculture. Because of his sentiment and optimism about the development of the industry, Qin Yujun gave up his fabric and textile sales business in 2016 and started to be a flying hand. Before taking the job, he experienced half a month of training and learned how to fly, but later he found that flying was far from enough.

I used to be purely a pilot, but after slowly working in agriculture, I realized that it was just not enough to fly. Gradually understand the knowledge of pesticides, pests and diseases, crop growth cycle, etc., including the knowledge of plant nutrient supply, all need to be deeply understood.

▲ It was necessary to use it to run a circle around the farmland to survey the field. Now the drone can do it by itself

In 2017, Qin Yujun's air defense service area was 40,000 mu. In 2020, this number has become 260,000 mu.

But today, Qin Yujun is doing more technical guidance for pilots, and his goal now has become more "breeding." In 2020, he trained 200 pilots, and he hopes that this number can double in 2021.

▲ Qin Yujun

In the eyes of pilots' instructors, pilots are now a profession, but in the future it may be a skill.

Nowadays farmland managers are used to asking pilots to help with farmland management. Many pilots in the Northeast were rushed to schedule their time. The operators were guarding the farmland. After finishing the work on the scheduled farmland, they immediately transported the drone to their own farmland.

But in the future, people with a certain scale of operations may be pilots themselves. Like Chen Huosen, who has contracted 100 acres of rice fields, although he is not a pilot himself, his 94-year-old daughter also took on this part of the job.

▲ On the far right is Chen Huosen’s daughter, she is also a flying hand

Compared with traditional farmers, today's new farmers look much cooler. They use more high-tech equipment to grow high-efficiency farmland, so that farming is no longer the hard work of facing the loess and back to the sky, but also has the ease of holding the winning ticket next to the field. But compared to the innovation of tools, their greater difference may be reflected in the concept of planting.

Qin Yujun is different from traditional farmers when he uses drones to control pests and diseases.

The work of the new farmers represented by Qin Yujun is more plant protection. Their purpose is to protect crops, not to kill all bugs. For example, in the case of 10,000 insects threatening the crop, new farmers will control the number of insects to 3,000-5,000—a number that does not threaten the crop.

It's not that leaving thousands of insects is more meaningful to crops, it's more out of ecological considerations.

It is not to see if there is any benefit. I don’t know if you have heard of it, what if we say that there are no bees in our world?

Beneficial insects also eat harmful insects, which is a problem of ecological balance. Usually spraying pesticides to kill all insects is equivalent to killing all the food sources of beneficial insects, and the beneficial insects will not survive. This concept is different, and we are also promoting this concept.

Not too interesting, not too optimistic.

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